Articles Récents...

> Septembre 2016 : parution de deux ouvrages portés par le Grico

06/06/2016 | Pas de commentaires |

A paraître chez Iste Editions et Wiley pour la traduction anglaise : Collection “Intellectual Technologies” sous la direction de Maryse Carmes et Jean-Max Noyer. [...]

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> Désirs de Data

17/01/2016 | Pas de commentaires |

Chapitre sur le désir des données et leur tissage extensif en divers milieux, s’exprimant dans l’Open Data, le Big Data, le Small Data…jusqu’au transhumanisme. Maryse [...]

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> Octobre 2015 : nouvelle Parution coll. Territoires Numériques/Grico

03/09/2015 | Pas de commentaires |

Traces Numériques et Territoires, éditions Presses des Mines/ParisTech , sous la direction de Marta Severo et de Alberto Romele Collection Territoires Numériques/Grico avec le soutien de La [...]

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abstract character shattered into pieces

> La ville intelligente vue par ses chefs de projets

Ce texte présente plusieurs dispositifs mis en oeuvre par « Rennes Métropole » et prenant appui sur un écosystème de l’innovation numérique particulièrement dynamique. Parmi la multiplicité des expérimentations menées, on s’intéresse premièrement aux modalités de participation des habitants à l’aménagement urbain. On s’intéresse ensuite à l’émergence de la 3D et des [...]

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Flux du Web...

> Digital Agenda For Europe

Call for posters and demos at Cloud Forward 2016 le : 18/10/2016

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> Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology

ISSUE INFORMATION – TABLE OF CONTENTS le : 20/07/2016

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> Edge.org

Summer Reading: Highlights From the Edge Archive le : 11/07/2016

Topic/Category: 

Date: 

[7.18.16]

Event Date: 

[ Mon. Jul. 11. 2016 ]

"Deliciously creative, the variety astonishes. Intellectual skyrockets of stunning brilliance. Nobody in the world is doing what Edge is doing...the greatest virtual research university in the world.
Denis Dutton, Founding Editor, Arts & Letters Daily

[ED NOTE: It’s summer and a good time to reflect on twenty years of Edge. Each week through the rest of the season, we will revisit five highlights from the Edge archives worthy of your time and attention. —JB]


 

The beauty of forecasting tournaments is that they’re pure accuracy games that impose an unusual monastic discipline on how people go about making probability estimates of the possible consequences of policy options. It’s a way of reducing escape clauses for the debaters, as well as reducing motivated reasoning room for the audience.

Tournaments, if they’re given a real shot, have a potential to raise the quality of debates by incentivizing competition to be more accurate and reducing functionalist blurring that makes it so difficult to figure out who is closer to the truth. 

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Something radically new is in the air: new ways of understanding physical systems, new ways of thinking about thinking that call into question many of our basic assumptions. A realistic biology of the mind, advances in evolutionary biology, physics, information technology, genetics, neurobiology, psychology, engineering, the chemistry of materials—all are questions of critical importance with respect to what it means to be human. For the first time, we have the tools and the will to undertake the scientific study of human nature.

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On July 24, 2009, a small group of scientists, entrepreneurs, cultural impresarios and journalists that included architects of some of the leading transformative companies of our time (Microsoft, Google, Facebook, PayPal), arrived at the Andaz Hotel on Sunset Boulevard in West Hollywood, to be offered a glimpse, guided by George Church and Craig Venter, of a future far stranger than Mr. Huxley had been able to imagine in 1948.

In this future—whose underpinnings, as Drs. Church and Venter demonstrated, are here already—life as we know it is transformed not by the error catastrophe of radiation damage to our genetic processes, but by the far greater upheaval caused by discovering how to read genetic sequences directly into computers, where the code can be replicated exactly, manipulated freely, and translated back into living organisms by writing the other way. "We can program these cells as if they were an extension of the computer," George Church announced, and proceeded to explain just how much progress has already been made. 

George Dyson (from the introduction)

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What we're saying is that there is a technology emerging from behavioral economics. It's not only an abstract thing. You can do things with it. We are just at the beginning. I thought that the input of psychology into behavioral economics was done. But hearing Sendhil was very encouraging because there was a lot of new psychology there. That conversation is continuing and it looks to me as if that conversation is going to go forward. It's pretty intuitive, based on research, good theory, and important. 

Daniel Kahneman

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Millions of people have been asked the question, "How satisfied are you with your life?" That is a question to the remembering self, and there is a fair amount that we know about the happiness or the well-being of the remembering self. But the distinction between the remembering self and the experiencing self suggests immediately that there is another way to ask about well-being, and that's the happiness of the experiencing self.

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The more I think about it the more I'm convinced that Life: What A Concept! was one of those memorable events that people in years to come will see as a crucial moment in history. After all, it's where the dawning of the age of biology was officially announced.

— Andrian Kreye, Süddeutsche Zeitung

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> Journal of Information Science current issue

Information encountering on social media and tacit knowledge sharing le : 06/07/2016

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how social media may support information encountering (i.e. where individuals encounter useful and interesting information while seeking or browsing for some other information) and how this may lead to the facilitation of tacit knowledge creation and sharing. The study employed a qualitative survey design that interviewed 24 physicians who were active users of social media to better understand the phenomenon of information encountering on social media. The data was analysed using the thematic analysis approach. The study found six main ways through which social media supports information encountering. Furthermore, drawing upon knowledge creation theories, the study concluded that information encountering on social media facilitates tacit knowledge creation and sharing among individuals. The study provides new directions for further empirical investigations to examine whether information encountering on social media actually leads to tacit knowledge creation and sharing. The findings of the study may also provide opportunities for users to adopt social media effectively or gain greater value from social media use.

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> Journal of Scientometric Research : 2015 - 4(2)

Internet of things: A scientometric assessment of global output, 2005–2014 le : 14/10/2015

BM Gupta, SM Dhawan, Ritu Gupta

Journal of Scientometric Research 2015 4(2):104-114

The publication examines 6800 global publications on “Internet of Things” (IoT), as covered in Scopus database during 2005–2014, experiencing an annual average growth rate of 98.63% and citation impact of 1.97. The global publications on IoT came from several countries, of which the top 12 (China – 44.87%, USA – 8.04%, Germany – 6.06%, Italy – 5.19%, UK – 4.84%, Spain – 4.19%, France – 3.46%, Taiwan – 2.53%, South Korea – 2.34%, Switzerland – 2.16%, Finland – 2.03%, and India – 1.87%) together accounts for 87.57% and 89.56% share of the global publication and citations output during 2005–2014. Only 27.96% of the total global publications were cited one or more times during 2005–2014. Among subjects contributing to IoT, computer science contributed the highest publication share (64.93%), followed by engineering (43.01%), social sciences (4.65%), business, management and accounting (3.73%), physics (2.94%), and decision science (2.72%) during 2005–2014. Under broad subjects, the major priorities have been assigned to hardware (technology) with 43.87% share, followed by applications (42.93% share), architectural aspects of technology (22.69% share), security aspects (17.43% share), software (technology) (7.10% share), privacy (6.13% share), business models (0.85% share), governance (0.62% share), legal aspects and accountability (0.5% share), etc. Among the various organizations and authors contributing to IoT, the 20 most productive organizations and authors together contributed 16.78% and 6.13% publications share and 25.63% and 23.16% citation share to the cumulative global publications and citations output during 2005–2014. The top 15 most productive journals contributed 24.54% share to the total journal global publication output during 2005–2014, with largest number of papers (55) is published in Jisuanji Xuebao Chinese Journal of Computers, followed by International Journal of Distributed Sensor Network (50), Sensors Switzerland (46), China Communication (34), Wireless Personnel Communication (33), IEEE Sensors Journal (28), etc. There were only 10 highly cited papers (which came from 8 countries and involved 24 institutions and 41 authors), which had received 100 or more citations, and together got 2951 citations during 2005–2014.

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Dernières Tribunes

18/02/2016 - Les désirs algorithmiques de l’action publique |

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Les derniers mois ont été marqués en France par une prolifération de rapports et de lois qui questionnent le statut des données dans l’action publique et dont le focus nous déplace de [...]

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17/01/2016 - Désirs de Data |

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Chapitre sur le désir des données et leur tissage extensif en divers milieux, s’exprimant dans l’Open Data, le Big Data, le Small Data…jusqu’au transhumanisme. Maryse [...]

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20/11/2015 - L’évènement violent que nous habitons et qui nous enveloppe : ce qui est en jeu |

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13 novembre 2015, L’évènement violent que nous habitons et qui nous enveloppe : ce qui est en jeu. Jean-Max Noyer, Professeur des Universités Les questions et le désir qui les porte, les [...]

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14/05/2014 - Lecture de “The zero marginal cost society: The internet of things, the collaborative commons and the eclipse of Capitalism” de Jeremy Rifkin (Avril 2014) |

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Notes de lecture et commentaire sur le dernier livre de J.Rifkin. Collaborative Commons, Internet Of Things, Transition énergétique...Mise en perspective et passage par I.Illich, A.Gortz, A [...]

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